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The Presidential Address/Dinner of Session 2017/2018

The Presidential Address and Dinner was held on 8 September 2017 at the JW Marriott Hong Kong. Under the theme of the Session "Engineering a New Horizon from 70 Years' Foundation" (傳承七十載 齊創新領域), President Ir Thomas K C Chan delivered an insightful speech into issues of the engineering profession. He also shared his plans for the Session and a vision for the future of engineering.

The Cocktail Reception and Dinner following the Address were well-attended by more than 500 members and guests. The HKIE Best Transactions Paper Prize, the HKIE Outstanding Paper Award for Young Engineers/Researchers and the HKIE Long Service Award were also presented at the Dinner. Another highlight of the Dinner was the singing performance by the President's Protégés for Session 2017/2018, which received a big round of applause from the audience.

More details about the Presidential Address and the programme during the Dinner are reported in other parts of the Journal.

President Ir Thomas K C Chan delivering his Presidential Address

President Ir Thomas K C Chan delivering his Presidential Address

Past Presidents, Senior Vice President and Vice Presidents getting together to show their support

The Officers joining the Presidents Prot嶲廥 for a singing performance

The President and the awardees of the HKIE Long Service Award: Mr Ken Ng

The President and the awardees of the HKIE Long Service Award: Ms Vicky Chan

The President and the awardees of the HKIE Long Service Award: Ms Eli Mock

The President and the awardees of the HKIE Long Service Award: Mr Billy Wu

The President and the awardees of the HKIE Long Service Award: Ms Chris Kwong

The President and the awardees of the HKIE Long Service Award: Ms Christine Kwok

The President and the awardees of the HKIE Long Service Award: Ms Elaine Lai

Presidential Address 2017/2018

Engineering a New Horizon from 70 Years' Foundation
傳承七十載 齊創新領域

Good evening, fellow members, ladies and gentlemen,

It is truly a great honour to be here in the presence of so many distinguished professionals as the President of this great institution - The Hong Kong Institution of Engineers. It feels extra special to begin my tenure in this
special year - 2017. This year marks a significant milestone for the Institution, as it commemorates the 70th anniversary of the founding of its predecessor, The Engineering Society of Hong Kong, in 1947.

Way back in 1947, when the Society discussed its aims and objectives at its first meeting held on 10 December, it was suggested that the Society should act as a platform for engineers from different fields to share professional and technical knowledge, and as a professional home for engineers. The Society should also place equal emphasis on raising its professional standards and bringing new technology to Hong Kong.

After the establishment of The Hong Kong Institution of Engineers by ordinance in 1975, the Institution has remained true to the aims and objectives established by the Society's founders and, through the vision and dedication of our past leaders and a supportive membership, the Institution has continued to grow in both size and status.

Fellow members, ladies and gentlemen, the HKIE's enduring success over seven decades is no small feat indeed.

To honour our past and look ahead to our future, I have chosen the theme of my presidency: "Engineering a New Horizon from 70 Years' Foundation" (傳承七十載 齊創新領域).

A brief review

First, I would like to ask a question.

How much have we accomplished as an institution?

Our record shows that towards the end of the first Session of the Engineering Society of Hong Kong, there were 157 members. Today, the Institution has grown some two hundred times to more than 35,000 members. We continue to uphold the Society's aim of providing a platform for engineers from different fields to come together.

After the HKIE was incorporated in 1975, we re-organised the Institution's Board and Committee structure and planned for the formation of Divisions. Starting with the first six Divisions created in Session 1978/1979, we have now expanded to 19 Divisions, 21 Disciplines and various boards and committees, to cope with our growth.

Our headquarters has also grown with more office and meeting space: the 9th floor of Island Beverley was opened on the 10th Anniversary of the Institution in 1985. We later expanded to the 10th floor and three years ago we expanded further, acquiring the 21st floor in 2014.

Internationally, the HKIE is a well-recognised institution, our status has been continuously enhanced through mutual recognition agreements and being signatories to key agreements like the Washington Accord and the Sydney Accord.

Engineering issues today

Market outlook

It is a great opportunity to gather together this evening. Knowing the Institution's status quo, we have to take stock of our position and ask:

What's the outlook for our profession and the related industries?

Hong Kong has gone through rapid transformation from being an entrepot to a global hub in the post-war decades. This has much to do with our members' hard work building the city's infrastructure over the past 70 years that gives its reputation for efficiency and productivity. With such a strong foundation, I am confident of the outlook for our profession.

Our government is supportive of continuing investment in local public infrastructure. The total volume of public works has been rising since 2009 and there is high demand for engineering services, particularly in the transport sector, where the value of construction activities has increased substantially to HK$145 billion in 2015. Along with policies such as the Railway Development Strategy, sustainable urban renewal plans and the commitment to build a smart city, there will be ample room for growth in our industry.

There is concern over delays to the approval of public works projects in the legislature that seriously affect employment for many engineers and graduates. On a brighter note, our engineers can make full use of Hong Kong's position as a connecting hub for accessing opportunities beyond our borders.

On the Mainland, for example, our engineers have taken part in the development of infrastructure from railway to gas works. CEPA and related agreements have facilitated entry to establish and operate engineering businesses in the Mainland market. Now the Belt and Road Initiative and plans for the Greater Bay Area development will allow us to expand even further, to other parts of China, Asia and beyond.

The expertise of Hong Kong engineers is second to none. Through years of collaboration with international colleagues, we have acquired technical and interpersonal skills that enable us to export our services to other regions and we must not let distance be an obstacle to our practice.

Engineering skills shortage
With a bright outlook in front of us, can we as engineers and our Institution meet the challenge?

At the moment, the main challenge confronting our industries is not so much a lack of opportunities but a skills shortage.

Declining birth rates and an ageing population will become the major issues. According to our Census and Statistics Department, as a result of a significant increase in the number of deaths due to an ageing population, coupled with a decrease in the number of births, the population is predicted to decrease at a rate of 0.2% per annum from 2043 to 2064.

The shortage of engineers is also due to a decline in interest and enrolment of young people in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics courses, despite job growth in engineering with the infrastructure boom. This is a concern in both developed and developing cities and Hong Kong is no exception. One of our universities, for example, recently stopped offering two science courses, including a joint degree in mathematics and physics, due to low enrolment rates.¹

I think, most of you would agree, engineering is not exactly the most glamorous profession of all. But speaking from personal experience, it is exciting and constantly motivating, especially when I see a project come to fruition.

Perceptions about engineers
However, the key issue is, how do we present engineering to other people, especially the young ones?

What's the perceptions of the public on engineering profession?

Think about it. What would you say to get people interested in engineering?

Do you tell them, engineering is a good career choice for those who love mathematics and science? Or, anything like these?

Fellow members, ladies and gentlemen, emphasising the challenging nature of engineering may appeal to some young people. Most of them, though, simply don't pursue engineering.

Guess which word teens often associate with engineering? It is "Difficult"!

According to the United States National Academy of Engineering, NAE, "Difficult" was the first word that popped into the heads of 41% of teenagers.²

Then, what is the perception of an engineer by the public? Let's see what "Google" thinks:

- here are our "real-life" images
- and, our cartoon images

We are the guy in a hard hat and boiler suit - it is usually a guy. In most images we are set against backgrounds of construction sites, cranes, machines and engines...

So engineering is often portrayed as a dull, unsociable subject, male-dominated and without any human touch.

We know that is not true, of course. As a matter of fact, in Hong Kong and a lot of places worldwide, engineering professionals enjoy quite a high social standing. But it appears that there is a gap between the way we think about ourselves and our profession and the way outsiders think about us and what we do.

Attainment of professional qualifications
Do engineering graduates automatically become engineers after formal education?

Of course we know that is not the case. Engineering graduates need to acquire competence and be assessed professionally to be recognised as professional engineers in the case of the HKIE, the assessment process as shown.

For those who have chosen a career in engineering, professional qualifications demonstrate their competence and expertise.

Hong Kong has a job market that places a lot of emphasis on formal qualifications. Employers want to hire capable staff even though skilled professionals are in short supply.

For engineers, it is certainly an advantage to be professionally qualified and recognised, especially when it comes to clients and consultancy firms. For other organisations whose activities involve engineering, professionally qualified staff are definitely positive assets.

Often when I talk to young members, what I hear, again and again, is: 1) how do I get the professional qualification for corporate membership; and 2) what is the outlook of the engineering job market.

The HKIE always strives to strengthen the standing and professionalism of engineers. To align with international trends in the professional assessment of engineers, we have started the development of the competence-based approach to professional assessment, and we expect to fully implement this new approach in 2019.

Another international trend being noted is the accreditation of engineering programmes at master's degree level. Since there is also a growing number of local engineering-related top-up master's degree programmes in recent years, the Institution is studying the feasibility of developing an accreditation system for master's degree engineering programmes, to safeguard the quality of engineering education in Hong Kong.

This leads to the question - What are the factors that the HKIE should consider about tracking the same path of accrediting engineering programmes at master's degree level as our global partners and what do we want to achieve from it?

I trust that the Task Force on the Accreditation of Master of Science Degree Programmes in Engineering Fields will provide us with a comprehensive answer to this question. At the same time this possible move also reminds us that engineering is an ever evolving field with a high benchmark that leads the industry and society's development.

Competitive environment and rapid technological changes
Increasing competition is an issue.

Hong Kong is a globalised city. We have benefited from technological and other innovations through our international exposure, but we have also faced increased competition from qualified talents worldwide. I understand some young people are frustrated about career stagnation.

As many emerging economies have undergone catch-up growth over the past decades, it is not uncommon for our members to think that their peers in other places, say the Mainland, tend to have career progression much faster than they do.³

Another issue is the impact of technology.

The tools and technologies engineers use have changed drastically, and they are evolving faster than ever. In the last 20 years, automation and robotics have taken over many jobs previously done by humans, affecting not just low-skill jobs, but also jobs that require more skills. In fact, an increasing number of management decisions can be made by artificial intelligence.

What this means is that our skill sets or entire job categories may become redundant or less valuable within a short time.(4)

This brings us to the question I just raised about the need for the accreditation of a higher level education, such as a master's degree.

As engineers it is our job to embrace new horizons and continue learning to keep our skills fresh. That is how we improve our practice and competitiveness. We have always encouraged our members to immerse themselves in different cultures, through learned society activities and mutual recognition agreements.

Why not seize the opportunity to work or study outside Hong Kong if you come across one?

I believe there will be far more advantages than disadvantages because this will make you appear more competent to potential employers. The HKIE serves to provide a platform for connections and we will continue to strive to enhance our role in the international arena that can benefit you more.

Furthermore, the Institution supports life-long learning. As I have already mentioned, we are progressing to a competence-based approach to CPD activities that emphasises multiple subjects and skill sets, to help members develop mastery of the competencies required by the profession.

Other concerns of young people
One may ask: does an engineering career offer a fast track to the top?

It appears that there is a lack of visible role models in our society to inspire them, because those successful engineers at top positions are usually called "CEOs", "entrepreneurs" or "business leaders" etc. So ambitious young people are not sure whether training as an engineer or a technical specialist is a type of education that enables them to climb the corporate ladder.

Even for engineering graduates, they do not always commit themselves to the profession, or they choose to further study in a field that will enable them to move towards more practical training or a higher rank.

What do our young people want from a career?

A local survey(5) suggested that when choosing jobs, young people value salary and benefits most (27%), followed by room to develop own interests (15%), company background (11%) and job security (11%).

Their top three targets for the first five years after graduation are buying property (29%), reaching management level (17%) and living independently (12%).

An international company also found that the Hong Kong government ranks ahead of Google as the most desired employer among our engineering students.(6) Apparently, a career in the civil service offers incentives that best meet their needs, which are a visible salary structure, good benefits and job security.

If the perceived qualities attributed to technical professions do not match our young peoples� wishes, it is not surprising that they tend to prefer careers with more tempting potential rewards like banking or finance, even if they are drawn to science and technology.

In Hong Kong, I am sure most of you are aware that some famous leaders or entrepreneurs come from an engineering background.

Engineering, like law or medicine, is studied at college or university; however, the roles of doctors and lawyers are more visible to the public through everyday interaction than engineers, and there are more "soap-opera heroes" to look up to. We need to do more to let young people understand the role of engineering in driving innovation as well as social and economic development.

It is evident from research findings that if we can show them how engineering can offer solutions to global issues, young people will better understand engineering offers a rewarding career and their interest in it will improve.(7) At the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), an engineering programme that focuses on developing "technologies that improve the lives of people living in poverty" attracted even more female than male students.(8)

For the profession's sustainable development and also for the HKIE, we need more new blood in engineering. To pass the torch from one generation to the next, there is a strong need for us to bridge the talent gap in the industry as well as recruit the next waves of leaders to serve the Institution.

Women in engineering
There is currently a popular topic related to women in engineering.

In a survey conducted by the National Academy of Science and Engineering in Germany (2009),(9) it was found that many young people liked science and technology but were not strongly motivated to pursue a career in it. This is especially true of women.

If you look around this room, can you tell me how many ladies are there? Or in the HKIE Council, or Divisional Committees? The female to male ratio in the workplace has improved in recent years, but engineering still compares modestly to other professions in Hong Kong, as you can see from this slide.

The 2014 figures showed 50% female accountants, 47% female solicitors, and 30% female doctors.

When it comes to engineering, today, female members accounted for some 13% of the Institution's total membership and 7.7% were fully qualified engineers.

I observe that young female members under age 35 have significantly increased recently, accounting about 10% of the total membership. It is a good sign and we must keep up efforts to encourage more female to join and stay in the profession.

Another survey by the Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET) (2015)(10) told us that one of the major reasons why most women do not want a career in engineering is pressure from their parents:

Most parents in the survey, about 93% would not support their daughter in choosing engineering as a career because of their perceptions of the job. They believed girls would be most interested in areas like education and childcare, the arts or healthcare. But most of them knew little about what a career in engineering might bring.

Apparently, our gender roles are shaped by traditions in society, which are reinforced by perceptions of parents and teachers, and particularly media portrayals. In TV series or magazines preferred by young women, prominent figures are often lawyers, fashion designers or doctors. Engineers are seldom featured in the media. Even though women are as good at maths and science as men, gender stereotypes remain entrenched in our culture, affecting girls' attitudes towards studying or working in engineering.

Our profession has thus missed out on a pool of talent. This lack of diversity, in terms of women in particular, not only aggravates the skills shortage but also constrains the potential for growth and innovation in engineering.

Some of you may have read the news report of Google terminating the employment of a software engineer who wrote about of the lack of women in the profession is due to biological differences. Unfortunately, there has not been debated within Google but has created vast interests outside Google.

So, what can be done?

Just now, we looked at a number of issues and challenges our profession is facing today. How can we address them? I want very much during this evening to raise your awareness and think and tackle this together. Between us, we can come up with better solutions.

Do we need a new mindset?

I would like to draw your attention again to some of the controversial questions:

Is our public image a problem?

Do we need to change our fundamental approach to the promotion of engineering?

Can engineering create wealth as a career?

Do we need to increase the Institution's international standing to meet the aspiration of potential members working in the global arena?

I do not have a crystal ball that can clearly show me a path to follow.

Fellow members, ladies and gentlemen, we have to work together.

For my presidential year, I have at least formulated some plans.

Our plan this year
For the past 70 years, Hong Kong's engineers have made significant contributions in building the backbone to a successful economy through professionalism in the application of engineering techniques. The continued growth of our profession is secured on a solid foundation that is built upon our past successes and experiences.

On our path to higher achievement, the Institution will in Session 2017/2018 launch initiatives to facilitate the long-term development of the profession and establish our vision for the future. A series of activities along the following sub-themes will be organised:

· Tomorrow's Issues Facing HKIE
· Engaging the Young
· Smart Engineering and the Community
· Instilling Concept of Corporate Social Responsibility

Tomorrow's Issues Facing HKIE
To maintain forward momentum, at some point our strategies, practices, structure and resources may need to change, and it is the incremental changes over the years that have provided support to the Institution's continuity. To better align actions with the HKIE's core values, there is no better way to make the most of our members' collective intelligence than to organise a strategic planning meeting. We plan to hold a strategic planning meeting in early next year.

We will determine where we are going and what we want to accomplish in the long run and to anticipate new challenges. I am sure how to attract more women to join and stay in the profession will be one of the topics of the meeting.

Engaging the Young
During this Session we will continue our efforts to attract young people to the engineering profession and engage them in the development of the Institution.

One of the key initiatives is the President's Protégé Scheme, for which I am pleased to announce I have recruited nine talented individuals from different disciplines.

To reach out to students and their mentors, we will organise activities in the form of out-of-class activities to enrich the STEM experience of secondary school students, and create dialogues with their teachers and careers masters to raise their awareness in engineering.

For primary school students, a HKIE Mascot Naming Competition is in the pipeline to plant the seed and arouse their interest.

Smart Engineering and the Community
We also plan to engage the public at large by organising an exhibition at the Hong Kong Science Museum, to showcase the latest engineering technologies, especially those related to Smart City, a hot topic today.

To also enable members to expand horizons and explore the emerging smart city opportunities, we will organise a series of activities to help them visualise the smart city concept and its applications, including lectures, visits, and an international conference to be held in 2018.

Instilling Concept of Corporate Social Responsibility
The HKIE has always encouraged our members to serve the community and create a positive social impact. To demonstrate our commitment to corporate social responsibility, we will propose initiatives to encourage members to apply it to their professional practice. We are especially looking to provide support to underprivileged students and enhance their interest in engineering by organising workshops on mathematics and science knowledge, dinners with engineers, and engineering-focused city walks.

Members' activities and benefits
Perhaps machines will make our work easier in the future but we do not have to wait for that day to arrive to strive for work-life balance. The Institution organised healthy leisure activities such as fundraising runs and family hiking day in past Sessions to promote work-life balance among our members, and I look forward to more of the same in this Session.

To commemorate this special anniversary year, we have also produced new HKIE ties and badges. A special concert is set to take place at the end of 2017 as well.

Engineering in future
A one-year presidency is a very short time and we can only do so much. The HKIE has taken 70 years to achieve what we have today. We need forward thinking to take on the next 70 years and beyond.

Over the past 70 years, our industry and society have enjoyed rapid growth. Technology-driven innovations have been changing the world at a pace previously unimaginable. Today, web, apps and cloud are no longer buzzwords. They are popular tools in this digital age that help engineers solve many complex, real world problems.

Every other day, 3D technology is reforming our concept of "building" as it becomes possible to "print" the houses we live in as well as other structures. Some of our science fiction dreams have become reality. As Airbus CEO Tom Enders said, urban transport went underground a century ago, now we have the technological means to go above ground.

Last year saw driverless taxis first hit Singapore roads; earlier this year unmanned flying cars took off on its test flights in Dubai, without even needing a runway. Such breakthroughs provide an exciting prospect for human mobility, especially for the elderly and the disabled.

If human teleportation seems a far-fetched fantasy, supersonic hyperloop travel promises to shuttle humans and goods in a tube system in the future.

So, before men could find a way to enable people to live on Mars, this seems a more practical solution to our housing problem that we can have a home a thousand miles away.

I can't predict what the world will be like in the future.

With engineering technologies, we are not talking about "if" but "when". It is JUST a matter of time. Significant progress has been made in meeting many of our challenges.

Yet, every generation has its problems. We are still under pressure to achieve the sustainable development goals where engineering solutions are sought after, such as food security and nutrition, climate change mitigation, and improving public health, safety, and livelihoods.

Unless it is linked with a careful analysis of the needs of people, their conditions and their potentialities, all our scientific and technological investigation will lead us nowhere.

Concluding remarks
Fellow members, ladies and gentlemen, none of us will be able to predict or provide solutions to all issues and challenges that will confront our profession. As engineers, we should face the future with optimism and also vigilance, to prepare for the challenges to come. Engineers' endeavour to improve people's lives will never waver.

The core values inherited by the HKIE from its predecessor will also persist, and we will always support members to prepare for a brighter future.

It is through our determination, our proactive approach towards identifying future challenges and the formulation of common goals and vision that unite us in our efforts.

For my one year presidency, I have chosen to address the following:

1. Sustainability of the skills and competences for the profession
2. Connectivity between different sectors of the society, locally and internationally
3. Making a difference from as business-as-usual to a new horizon

Building on the solid, 70-year foundation of the Institution, I look forward to working together with you to shape The Hong Kong Institution of Engineers into the Institution we all dream of, "Engineering a New Horizon from 70 Years' Foundation" (傳承七十載 齊創新領域).

Thank you.

1. http://www.scmp.com/news/hong-kong/education-community/article/2080154/university-hong-kong-under-fire-ditching
2. http://www.engineeringmessages.org/File.aspx?id=29533
3. http://www.scmp.com/comment/insight-opinion/article/1621365/lack-opportunities-hong-kong-creating-generation-without
4. http://www.cpjobs.com/hk/article/the-rise-automation-and-robotisation-is-making-many-workers-uneasy-but-the-future-is-not
5. https://hk.jobsdb.com/en-hk/wp-content/uploads/sites/2/static/pressrelease/2017/170109_student_PR_Eng.pdf
6. http://www.scmp.com/tech/enterprises/article/2098159/google-ey-and-civil-service-are-hong-kong-graduates-ideal-employers
7. http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0018/001897/189753e.pdf
8. https://www.nytimes.com/2015/04/27/opinion/how-to-attract-female-engineers.html?_r=0
9. http://www.acatech.de/de/projekte/abgeschlossene-projekte/nachwuchsbarometer-technikwissenschaften-nabatech.html
10. http://newmanstewart.co.uk/news/view/56/why-don-t-women-want-to-be-engineers

The HKIE Outstanding Paper Award for Young Engineers/Researchers 2017

The HKIE Outstanding Paper Award for Young Engineers/Researchers is an international paper competition that was first launched in 2006. It aims to encourage young engineers and researchers to publish their works and advance in their professional fields as well as to promote engineering among the younger generation. The competition is open to young engineers and researchers worldwide aged 35 or below. This year, three papers have been selected from six shortlisted papers for the Award.

A technical seminar was organised on 7 September 2017 at The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU), with the support of the Department of Mechanical Engineering of the PolyU, for the awardees to present their accomplishments. More than 40 members, practitioners and engineering students attended the presentation.

The seminar was considered a great success and the response from the house was overwhelming. The Institution would like to express its sincere appreciation to the three awardees including Ir L S Chan, Mr J Maybury and Dr Meng Weizhi for delivering their insightful presentations with such enthusiasm and making the seminar both rewarding and inspiring.

All the awarded and shortlisted papers will be published in a special issue of HKIE Transactions in December 2017. The results of the Award are summarised as follows:

List of awarded papers
- "Equilibrium adsorption isotherm study of binary basic dyes on to bamboo derived activated carbon" by L S Chan*, W H Cheung, S J Allen and G McKay, Hong Kong
- "Shear thickening of cement powder paste - why and how to mitigate?" by J Maybury* and J C M Ho, Australia
- "Towards effective and robust list-based packet filter for signature-based network intrusion detection: an engineering approach" by Meng Weizhi*, Li Wenjuan and Kwok Lam-for, Denmark

List of shortlisted papers
- "Sustainability analyses of embodied carbon and construction cost in high-rise buildings using different materials and structural forms" by Vincent J L Gan*, C M Chan, K T Tse, Jack C P Cheng and Irene M C Lo, Hong Kong
- "Design and analysis of high-performance motors with partitioned-stator topology for hybrid electric vehicles" by Christopher H T Lee*, Chau Kwok-tong and Chan Ching-chuen, Hong Kong
- "Smart light rail: integrated speed and position supervision system" by Tam Wai-pan*, Chan Shing-kai and Sum Chan, Hong Kong

(*The first author aged 35 or below on the closing date of submission.)

Audience concentrating on the awardees presentation

(L to R) Ir L S Chan, Dr Meng Weizhi, Ir Prof Chan Tat-leung and Mr J Maybury at the seminar

President Ir Thomas K C Chan presenting the Awards to Ir L S Chan

President Ir Thomas K C Chan presenting the Awards to Mr J Maybury

President Ir Thomas K C Chan presenting the Awards to Dr Meng Weizhi

The HKIE Best Transactions Paper Prize 2017

The HKIE Best Transactions Paper Prize was set up in 1999 and has been organised for 19 consecutive years with the aim of giving recognition to outstanding papers published in HKIE Transactions. This year, two distinguished papers were selected for the Prize each from HKIE Transactions Volume 23 Number 2, Volume 23 Number 3 and Volume 24 Number 1.

The prize presentation ceremony was held during the Presidential Dinner on 8 September 2017. Following an introduction on the background of the Prize by Ir Prof Chan Tat-leung, Chairman of the HKIE Transactions Committee, the award recipients received their Prizes from the President Ir Thomas K C Chan.

The results of the HKIE Best Transactions Paper Prize 2017 are as follows:

Civil Category:

"A new analytical cone model for laterally-loaded vertical piles in cohesionless soil" by the late Maurice W W Lee and Charles W W Ng, published in HKIE Transactions Volume 23 Number 2

Electrical Category:

"Low-complexity soft-decision parallel equaliser algorithms for Chinese next-generation-high-performance AV" by Daoping Jiang, Zhaofeng Zhang, Ge Gao, Jianmin Zhuang and Runsheng He, published in HKIE Transactions Volume 23 Number 3

The President presenting the Prizes to Mrs Helena Lee (R), representative of the late Ir Maurice W W Lee and Ir Prof Charles W W Ng (L)

Dr Daoping Jiang (L) and Prof Zhaofeng Zhang (R) receiving their Prizes from the President





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